Aquariums are usually set up with some substrate coating the tank bottom. This substrate comes in many colors and textures, offering aquarium homeowners various options for establishing an aquarium. When there is no substrate to capture activated sludge or uneaten food, the movement of the water might force the trash directly into the filtration.
When the flow rate of the aquarium is low, it is easy to detect the accumulation of debris on the tank. The substance that coats the bottom of a fish tank is known as aquarium substrate. While it’s often chosen only for aesthetic reasons, selecting the appropriate planted aquarium substrate for your individual needs might improve water quality.
Purpose of a substrate
- Gravel serves as a breeding ground for helpful bacteria that break the waste material generated by the fish.
- The substrate contributes to the nitrogen cycle by functioning as a medium for beneficial bacteria to colonize and develop. Although the foundation is not the only home for these critical microorganisms, it houses many of them.
- Substrate offers a more natural home for the fish, which is especially crucial for burrowing fish. Some embryos will drop between the open fields and provide shelter if the substrate is big enough.
- The bottom of an aquarium helps its overall visual appeal. Choosing a substrate color that contrasts your fish might help bring out their colors.
- Whatever substrate you choose for your tank, it is essential to eliminate wastes that may collect in the substrate regularly.